Coeliac disease and diabetes
The same reasons. A balanced diet as a solution for both Five to ten percent of people with Type I diabetes (insulin dependent diabetes) also have coeliac disease. In order to treat both illnesses, a strict but not completely restrictive diet needs to be followed. Nowadays a “normal” balanced diet with reference to calories, protein, sugar and fat is recommended to diabetics, regardless whether they have coeliac disease or not. In order to avoid a raised blood sugar level after eating, complex carbohydrates (bread, pasta, of course gluten-free) and high-fibre food (vegetables, pulses and fresh fruit) are better than those with a high content of monosaccharides (sweets and sugar). Food with a high content of monosaccharides should be eaten in moderation. With regard to fats those of plant-based origin (for example cold-pressed olive oil, seed oil) and food with polyunsaturated fatty acids (for example fish) are better as they influence the cholesterol level in the blood in a positive way. The treatment of coeliac disease also has positive effects on diabetes, as the metabolism is better controlled and also the insulin requirement is lowered. Furthermore in this way possible hidden complications, such as anaemia or bone fragility, can be avoided.